A complete physical examination of a woman’s pelvic organs by a health professional is called Pelvic Examination. This kind of analysis helps the doctors to evaluate the size and the location of the vagina, cervix, uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes. This kind of examination is conducted in order to help detect some certain cancers in their early stages, infections, sexually transmitted diseases and other problems of the reproductive system of a woman. Pelvic examination is considered to be an important part of preventive health care for every adult woman.
Why Pelvic Examination is Conducted
A pelvic exam may be necessary to conduct in the following cases:
– It may be a part of a woman’s regular physical checkup. It is also possible to conduct a Pap smear during the pelvic examination;
– It may also be conducted in order to detect different kinds of vaginal infections, such as bacterial vaginosis or yeast infection;
– This kind of examination helps to detect the majority of sexually transmitted disease;
– It also helps to determine the reason of abdominal uterine bleeding;
– Such abnormalities of pelvic organs, like uterine fibroids, ovarian cysts, uterine prolapse, etc. may be diagnosed with the help of a pelvic examination;
– The reason of abdominal or pelvic pain may also be determined with the help of this test;
How to Prepare to Pelvic Examination
Before a pelvic examination is conducted, you should:
– Schedule the examination when you are not having your menstrual period, because blood can interfere with the receiving the results of a Pap smear. Anyway, in case if you have a new vaginal discharge or new increasing pelvic pain, this kind of examination may be necessary to conduct during the menstrual period.
– You may not use douches, vaginal medications, tampons or vaginal sprays and / or powders for at least a day before your pelvic examination;
– In case if you have an abnormal discharge, you may not have sexual contacts for 24 hours before your pelvic examination, as any amount of semen in your vagina may interfere with the results of the examination.
As soon as you came into your doctor’s office, you are to inform him if:
– You have any reproductive or urinary tract symptoms, like redness, sores, itching, swelling or some unusual odor or increased vaginal discharge. In case if you have been performing pelvic examination in a regular manner, you should discuss the least changes, you notice, with your doctor;
– You are or you might be pregnant;
– This pelvic examination is the first one in your life;
– This day is the first day of your last menstrual period;
– If you have undergone a surgery of any other procedure, like radiation therapy, etc. to the vagina, cervix and / or uterus.