Thyroid Disorders and Infertility

Ordinary when people talk about infertility, it is usually associated with fallopian tube, sperm motility and court. And not so often people think that problems with the thyroid gland can lead to infertility. The thyroid is among the largest endocrine glands of the body. Signs of a thyroid problem are visible when the secretion of thyroid hormones is too less or too much. Many people do not take the thyroid problems very seriously.

The thyroid gland is responsible for secreting two important hormones, triiodothyronine and namely thyroxine. These hormones are released in the blood and they travel throughout the body and control the metabolism rate.

There are two types of thyroid disorders. They are hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Hyperthyroidism is a condition when there is excess of thyroid hormone secretion. In hyperthyroidism, the thyroid gland becomes underactive and does not secrete sufficient amounts of hormones. An over active thyroid gland leads to hyperthyroidism.

Here the thyroid process hormones in excess and the woman ends up suffering from fatigue, weight loss, light menstruation or no menstruation, palpitations and increased heart rate. The fact that menstruation stops, points to cessation of ovulation and therefore, infertility.

Hypothyroidism results when there is under secretion of thyroid hormone than the normal amount needed by the body. Women who suffer from hypothyroidism have many symptoms. They include fatigue, weight gain, muscular pain, heavy and long menstrual cycle, and problems with the digestive system.

Nowadays there are medicines that help overpower the problems of hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. Taking medicines will improve your chances of getting pregnant. There are other invasive procedures to help, but invariably you will still have to take medication.