P

Panbypopituitarism is the term, applied to describe the complete failure of the pituitary gland.

Pap
test is a kind of screening test, which is completed in order to determine the presence of cervical cancer. The cervix is touched by a cotton swab gently, after that the swab is wiped on a slide which is treated and examined under a microscope.

Patent
is the condition of something being open, like with the fallopian tubes, which form part of the reproductive system of females.

PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome)
is the kind of a hormonal disorder, which can possibly prevent regular ovulation process and it may also be one of the reasons of female infertility. It is characterized by excessive production of androgens, which are male sex hormones) and presence of cysts in the ovaries. To other possible symptoms of this diseases refer excessive gain weight, acne and excessive hair growth on the facial area.

PCT (Post Coital Test)
is the analysis of a sample of vaginal and cervical secretions, which were collected after sexual intercourse, under a microscope.

PGD (Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis)
is the process of the embryos’ examination, conducted in order to detect any congenital abnormally, such as cystic fibrosis or Down syndrome, before these embryos are placed into the uterus cavity.

Penile Implant
is the kind of device, which is inserted into penis in order to provide rigidity for the intercourse. It is applied in the impotence treating technologies.

Penis
is the male reproductive organ, which becomes enlarged and erect in order to deposit semen in woman’s vagina.

PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease)
is any infection of the pelvic organs, which usually causes severe illness, high fever and extreme pain. It may lead to tubal blockage or to pelvic adhesion, which may possibly be one of the reasons of infertility.

Pituitary Gland
is a gland, which is situated at the base of the brain. This gland produces a lot of different hormones, including those, like FSH, LH, etc.

Placenta
is the embryonic tissue, which invades the wall of the uterus, providing the mechanism for they baby’s being able to exchange his waste products for the mother’s utrients and oxygen. The fetus is connected to the placenta through the umbilical cord.

Polar Body
is the called the discharged genetic material, which is the result of the female’s germ cell division.

Polyspermy
is the term, which is used to describe the abnormal condition, where one oocyte gets fertilized by more than one sperm. The result of it may be the twins, triplets or other higher order multiples’ arrival.
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is the multiple cysts development in the ovaries. The reason of it is the arrested follicular growth.

Polyps
are called small growths, which protrude from the lining of either the endometrium or the endocervix. They are considered to be completely benign.

Posttesticular
System is the term, used to define the ducts, which store and deliver the sperm to the opening of penis. It also includes the glands, producing seminal fluids.